The second annual 九州娱乐官网 Presidential Symposium tackled artificial intelligence (人工智能)及其在我们未来(或灭亡)中的作用.

Students appear on stage during the Presidential Symposium during the first panel on artificial intelligence.

从兴趣、出席人数和 观众参与. 来自华盛顿社区的三个专家小组进行了讨论 人工智能对一切事物的影响,从诗歌和艺术到由机器人进行的工作面试 直到人类的终结. 主题演讲由大学董事会成员赖德发表 Daniels ’90, addressed AI’s already enormous impact on business and society and what 我们需要继续前进. 

AI is a mainstay villain of science fiction, with cyborgs and androids turning against their human masters or supercomputers harnessing robots and other machines to take 飞越地球. 在现实中,人工智能已经悄然进入日常生活,并且已经如此 无所不在的,几乎看不见的. 当你在搜索引擎中输入一个查询时, talk to Siri or Alexa, or turn on subtitles to binge-watch a show on Netflix, you’re 与有限形式的人工智能互动. 在医学和研究领域,人工智能已经 被用来在扫描中识别癌细胞比医生更有效. It has been able to search through massive databases to identify drugs that may treat diseases 以及它们不是用来治疗的疾病. 更令人担忧的是速度 生成式人工智能的发展——一种可以学习、改变和进化的人工智能 使用——尤其是大型语言模型. 这些人可以写一篇经过研究和写得很好的文章 给大四学生写一篇关于莎士比亚的文章,或者制造假新闻故事,然后泛滥成灾 social media with comments that appear to be from real people on a scale that would 俄罗斯对2016年总统大选的干预相形见绌. 

All the panelists agreed that AI is evolving and advancing rapidly and is so large 这是一个不容易归类的主题. 专题讨论会的中心主题是 确定人工智能现在是如何影响特定领域的,它将把我们引向何方,以及 它将如何迅速而显著地改变我们的世界.  


研讨会海报,蝴蝶落在机械手上第一个小组由学生组成,他们为学生出版物编辑和写作, 在IDEAWORKS创新中心做项目的学生,还有Brian Palmer 中心主任. 编辑和作者认为,大语言生成人工智能 models, such as ChatGPT and Google’s Bard, are already problematic for education because 他们可以写出有说服力和听起来自然的论文. 25岁的娜塔莉·马蒂尼蒂斯说 这些模型只能成功地生成大约12页的论文 它们显然不是由人类创造的. 他们一致认为创造性艺术是 因为这些人工智能工具还没有足够的创造力 有独到的思想和表达方式. 在观众的一些反对之后, including examples of AI-generated art winning international prizes, the panel acknowledged 创造性艺术可能无法在很长时间内免受人工智能的欺骗. 

IDEAWORKS小组的成员采取了截然不同的策略. They have been 实验让学院的电动船自动航行. AI and the power of computers that can process enormous data sets in real-time and make 对物体和威胁的批判性判断是无价的. 他们的论点是 AI has enormous potential for good regarding the safety and efficiency of self-driving 交通工具,无论是在水中,陆地上,还是在空中. 


The second panel consisted of faculty and staff who have researched the role of AI 在艺术、教育和人性的毁灭——后文多谈后者. Benjamin Tilghman, associate professor of art history, argued that art created by an inspired 个人是一个相对现代的概念. 在中世纪,艺术通常是一种协作 affair “prompted” by a wealthy patron who commissioned a work, honed or embellished by a middleman who gave more specific instructions to the artist or artists, and further 由艺术家自己开发的. 蒂尔曼想知道这个过程是否彻底 不同于人类给人工智能工具的提示来创作一件艺术品. Raven Bishop, a director of technology in the library, spoke about using AI as an educational tool. 她举例说明了虚拟现实是如何体验一个完全被创造的世界的 as if entering the set of a movie) and augmented reality (where created characters, 场景或信息可以投射到现实世界中,就像生物一样 《九州娱乐官网》可以给学生更深刻的主题体验 are studying. 

数学教授乔丹·蒂雷尔(Jordan Tirrell)对人工智能不那么乐观. He paraphrased AI researcher and philosopher Eliezer Yudkowsky’s quote, “AI does not hate you, nor does it love you, but you are made out of atoms which it can use for something else.” 而不是人工智能制造出一个有感情的复仇机器人或超级计算机 on destroying humanity, Tirrell argued AI has the real potential to destroy humankind 出于更平淡的原因. 他说,人工智能非常擅长执行任务和优化 solutions. 危险在于没有人为控制和“关闭开关”来确保 control, AI could optimize an action indefinitely and to the detriment of the planet 和它的居民. 他以《九州娱乐官网》中的米老鼠为例. 米奇获得 魔法帽和命令扫帚把一桶桶水倒进坩埚. 扫帚继续执行任务,即使在坩埚满了之后 这个地方被淹了. 

同样,有了人工智能,它会毫不疲倦地执行任务. 当然,用一个更好 一声令下,洪水就可以避免了. 问题是,一旦你把任务交给人工智能 complete, can you be sure you have considered all the possibilities that something 可能会出错,并给它停止的指令? 任务或环境越复杂, 出错的几率就越大. 在生成人工智能的例子中,人工智能 能找出一些不符合道德或我们本意的变通办法吗. Tirrell得出结论 有这么多事情可能出错,我们就越依赖人工智能来完成任务, 我们就越有可能得到意想不到的甚至是灾难性的结果.  


第三个小组讨论了人工智能对学生、教学和职业的影响. Panelists discussed the difficulty of blanket or comprehensive rules for using AI in colleges. Something as ubiquitous and useful as autocorrect features in word processing apps, tools few had problems with regarding academic integrity, are evolving to make suggestions 为了更好地表达. 这是否意味着它不再是学生的作品? And how long will it be before generic word-processing apps give advice on paragraph order, 文章结构,甚至概念? 也有类似的重要问题 digital research with examples of AI-generated material citing fake stories or papers as factual.

A liberal arts education is the best education for an AI-driven future because the problem-solving, creative thinking, and communication skills it imbues in its graduates 提示和引导大型生成式人工智能模型所需的技能到底是什么 正确的方向. 

该小组指出,生成式人工智能可以从提供给它的数据中学习. If an AI 如果应用程序只提供莎士比亚的作品来了解这个世界,它就不会知道 that you can fly on airplanes between destinations, might not know that America exists, 并且对世界上许多地方的人民和文化一无所知. 因为大型语言模型需要大量的数据来学习如何写作, 他们经常从存储在互联网上的大量数据中学习. Given how much 可疑的学术研究、假新闻和冒犯性的观点在互联网上被分享, it’s not surprising that many of these systems give equal weight to conspiracy theories 或者种族主义信仰,就像他们对更好的信息来源所做的那样. 考虑到机会的不平等 to the internet, will these systems automatically be biased in favor of “first-world” 道德与信仰? 伦理数据科学教授凯尔·威尔逊(Kyle Wilson)有一个学生 致力于教人工智能系统如何遗忘. 系统很容易被遗忘 一个电话号码,而忘记整部小说则更具挑战性. Yet, it would be important for AI systems to be able to forget incorrect information they have come across. 

In an interesting aside, Georgina Bliss from the College’s 职业发展中心 谈到了在招聘领域越来越多地使用人工智能. 人工智能已经被使用了一段时间 评估兴趣信和简历. 因此,求职者知道 一直在使用人工智能来写兴趣信和专门的简历来上诉吗 to AI readers. 毫不奇怪,人工智能生成的信件在人工智能阅读器上表现得更好. Even 更令人不安的是使用人工智能监考的面试. 面试通过 a streaming app, and an AI system evaluates an applicant’s responses using not just the answers but how the person expresses themselves, their body language, eye movements, tone, and more. 问题是,这是否有助于挑选最佳候选人, ruling out suitable candidates for poor reasons, or creating a world where conformity 言谈举止比能力和创造力更重要. 

The keynote speaker, Ryder Daniels '90, an entrepreneur in data analytics, said that AI was already playing a significant part in our lives, was not going away, and should 不可低估. 他举例说明人们总是害怕最坏的情况 when new technologies arrived, and some of the fears expressed about AI were similar 到对汽车或电视毫无根据的恐惧. 他认为人工智能是一个强有力的工具 that could radically change the world for the good, albeit that AI may replace some careers. 然而,他很快指出,如果不加以控制,人工智能将构成一个坟墓 对社会造成破坏甚至破坏的威胁. 技术进步的速度 计算机的处理速度既带来了威胁,也带来了好处 评估和比较. 不管怎样,我们不能把头埋在沙子里 希望这不会影响到我们. 

他认为人工智能需要监管. 然而,他并不那么自信 政府有足够的动力或能力在立法上做任何事情. In his opinion, the best hope was that the European Union might set up a legislative framework 限制人工智能,世界其他地方可能会采用这些规则. He ended on a high note, saying that AI is only as powerful or dangerous as the prompts it is given. A liberal arts education is the best education for an AI-driven future because the problem-solving, creative thinking, and communication skills it imbues in its graduates 提示和引导大型生成式人工智能模型所需的技能到底是什么 正确的方向. 

九州娱乐官网 President Mike Sosulski concluded the symposium by thanking the 组织者选择了这样一个迷人而及时的主题. 他同意了 panelists that the College was preparing its students for a future in which AI machines 在日常生活中扮演着越来越重要的角色.  


Kiho Kim,九州娱乐官网教务长兼院长

Natalie Martinaitis, 25岁,九州娱乐官网评论
Brian Palmer, IDEAWORKS创新中心数字媒体服务总监

主持人:Karen Manna,法语助理教授
“Art without an Artist: Medieval Parallels with AI Images,” Benjamin Tilghman, Associate 艺术史教授
“人工智能会终结世界吗??Jordan Tirrell,数学助理教授
“New Realities: Exploring Virtual and Augmented Reality in Liberal Arts Instruction,” Raven Bishop, Assistant Director of Educational Technology, Library and Academic Technology

主持人:Sean Meehan,克伦威尔教与学中心联合主任
学术诚信:Heather Fabritze ' 25,荣誉委员会主席
Information Literacy: Cori Lynn Arnold, Electronic Resources Librarian, Miller Library
学习:Kyle Wilson, Allender伦理数据科学副教授
职业:乔治娜·布利斯,九州娱乐官网职业中心助理主任 Development

Keynote Speaker: Ryder Daniels, 九州娱乐官网 Alumnus, Class of 1990 and member 参访理事委员会主席
主持人:Cori Crane,阿拉巴马大学德语副教授